A migraine is something other than the common headache that almost every person has from time to time. In a migraine attack suddenly severe pain on only one side of the head. They are much stronger than ordinary headaches and are usually accompanied by other complaints.
A migraine is said but only when the typical symptoms have occurred at least five times.
A migraine usually limits the daily life considerably. Some people only occasionally have a migraine attack. Others are out of action every month for several days. Various medications can help to cope with migraine.
Symptoms of a migraine
Migraines are characterized by moderate to severe headaches on one side of the head.
Some people are also very sensitive to light and noise during seizures. Untreated, the symptoms last between four hours and three days.
Before the actual migraine is felt, some people see flashes of light and strange shapes. Others make everything a bit blurry, shaky or wavy. Temporarily, speech disorders, paralysis or discomfort such as tingling may occur. In medicine, such phenomena are called “aura”. An aura usually resolves without consequences within an hour and is then replaced by the typical migraine pain.
Causes and risk factors of a migraine
The exact causes of
In people with migraine, even irregular sleep and meal times can increase the likelihood of seizure. There may also be a connection between migraine, diet and physical activity. If you have migraines, you can find out for yourself if these factors influence you. A migraine diary can help.
Frequency Women have more migraines than men. About 14 out of 100 women and 7 out of 100 men have recurrent migraine attacks. In children, girls and boys
A migraine can become better over time by itself. Young women often have migraines for the first time when they have their menstrual period. In many women, the seizures persist during pregnancy and disappear completely after menopause.
Very rarely does a migraine become chronic. This is referred to when complaints occur for at least three months on more than 15 days per month. Less than 2 in 100 people with migraines have a chronic form.
Prevention of a migraine
Certain sleep habits or other behaviors can promote migraine attacks. What people with migraines are sensitive to is different. A headache or migraine diary can help to find triggers. For example, it tells you how heavy and long a seizure was, what happened at the time of the seizure, what you ate or drank before it, and what medicines you took.
Based on the records, relationships between seizures and possible triggers can become clear. In addition, the diary entries show whether the frequency and intensity of migraine actually decreases if you for a while on a possible trigger such as red wine omitted.
Some people also try supplements, herbal medicines or relaxation procedures to prevent their migraine attacks. For very severe or very frequent migraine attacks, medications for prevention or psychotherapeutic treatment are also possible. For example, you learn more about the condition or practice techniques to help deal with stressful situations.
Treatment of a migrane
Many people with migraines initially relieve seizures with everything that personally pleases them from experience: They lay down in a quiet and dark room and perhaps cover the aching head with a cooling pad, such as a damp cloth or a cooling element.
If the migraine is very painful, most people take medication to get through the seizure. These include paracetamol, anti-inflammatory analgesics (NSAIDs) such as ASA, diclofenac or ibuprofen and special migraine medications such as triptans. Paracetamol, ASA and ibuprofen are available in the pharmacy without a prescription, as well as two active ingredients from the group of triptans. Before you treat yourself, but should be medically clarified that it is the headache attacks actually a migraine.
If used too often painkillers and migraine medicines, they can increase the headache. Therefore, it is recommended that painkillers and migraine medicines are not taken more than ten days a month.
Medicines for migraine
Life and everyday life There are many people whose
Migraine attacks can occur at specific times, as in women typically in the days before their monthly menstrual period. Often, however, the seizures are unpredictable. This also makes it difficult to plan activities or to keep appointments. Not only the symptoms themselves can put a heavy strain on the joy of life, but also the fear of new migraine attacks and worries about how migraine affects family and work, for example.
Negative feelings and thoughts can also lead to