When we speak of migraines, we speak of a brain disease. Migraine is known as a physical illness, which can lead to severe attacks of headaches on a regular basis. The headache that is experienced in the case of a migraine attack is usually one-sided and is experienced as banging. In addition to headaches, a migraine attack also provokes other symptoms. Nausea and dizziness are common symptoms.
In addition, there are also many different types of migraine. In this article we describe only the two most common, namely migraine without aura (‘normal migraine’) and migraine with aura (‘classic migraine’).
Is migraine a physical illness?
In addition, migraine can also cause psychological problems. If you suffer from migraines, you know that a migraine attack can seriously disrupt your daily life. Staying up late often does not work. You often have to cancel appointments with friends because you suddenly got a migraine attack. After a
All of the above does not immediately sound like happiness. Therefore, severe migraine can lead to anxiety and depression.
Prodromes The pattern of symptoms of A migrain is very varied. For example, 60% of migraine sufferers experience prodromes. These take place a few hours to days before the start of the attack.
Prodromes are changes in the state of mind, which causes feelings such as hyperactivity, irritability, concentration problems, reduced appetite or a lot of appetite for food.
Sometimes a migraine patient does not notice the signals themselves and is shown here by his environment. For example, he is always extra forgetful one day for his migraine or someone who seldom eats chocolate, but can not stay away the day before the attack. There are many different expressions of prodromes in different people, but in one individual they are always the same.
Aura A quarter of the migraine sufferers have migraine with aura symptoms. This form of migraine is also called classic migraine. Auricular symptoms are, for example, seeing glare, stars or stripes. Usually the symptoms begin at one point in the visual field and then gradually expand over the entire field of vision. An aura can also consist of tingling in one body half.
Aurea symptoms last at least 4 minutes and are completely gone after 60 minutes. If your aura does not completely disappear or lasts longer than 60 minutes, we advise you to contact your doctor. There is nothing you can do to shorten an aura. Medications also have no effect on the aura.
Headache phase The headache in migraine can start at any time of the day or night. The headache is unilaterally localized and has a beating character. Usually there is a gradual onset, a peak and then the headache gradually disappears. The headache always follows the aura within 60 minutes or starts during the aura. The headache phase lasts from 4 to 72 hours.
The pain associated with migraine is almost always accompanied by nausea and sometimes with vomiting. Most migraine sufferers only need to lie quietly in a bed in a quiet, dark room during this phase. No movement, no sound, no light and no food.
How does migraine develop?
Migraine is caused by a disruption of the cooperation between nerves and blood vessels in the brain. The predisposition for this is probably hereditary. Often a parent or grandparent also had (had) migraine. Fatigue, stress and an approaching menstruation can provoke an attack.
There are various risk factors and causes of a migraine attack. Even the most unthinkable activities can lead to migraine. For example, a migraine attack often occurs after exercise. Migraine is accompanied by a sensitive circulation. During exercise a lot of the body is asked, which can temporarily bring the circulatory system out of balance. Because someone with migraine is highly susceptible to these fluctuations, chances are that if you start exercising intensively you can experience a migraine attack afterwards.
In addition to sports, for example, it excites certain nutrients. For example, bananas, tomatoes and chocolate can provoke a migraine attack.
However, one of the main causes of a migraine attack is stress. Stress can cause your muscles to tighten and disrupt your blood circulation. The smallest disturbance can cause a migraine attack in someone with migraine. Stress can therefore have a major influence on the experience of a migraine attack.
Some people suspect that attacks are provoked by certain foods. Red wine, old cheese, chocolate and sharp dishes are the best known examples of this. The influence of foods on migraine has not yet been scientifically proven.
Is it serious and what can you expect?
Untreated, or not treated successfully, a migraine attack takes 4 to 72 hours. For the majority of patients, an attack usually lasts less than 24 hours. The headache in migraine is very annoying and can be completely eliminated. The brain, however, does not suffer any damage.
If your headache attack resembles migraine but does not meet the time criterion, migraine is unlikely. We advise you to discuss your headaches with your doctor. We also recommend this for aura symptoms shorter than 4 minutes, or longer than 1 hour.
when to the doctor with migraine?
you have more than two migraine attacks per month
you have severe headaches and you feel sick
you have a headache before breakfast and must vomit
you are worried about
What can you do about it yourself?
Avoiding outbreaks of seizures There are a number of triggers of
Many patients themselves suspect links between the consumption of certain food products and the migraine. This has not yet been demonstrated scientifically.
It is possible that the prodromes (pre-symptoms) of migraine play a role. In some people, the prodromes consist of a heavy appetite in foods that they otherwise eat little. In retrospect, this signal of an upcoming attack can then be interpreted as the cause.
General advice and precautions for migraine
Important in migraines. If you feel that you need more and more medicines or that the character of your headache changes, it makes sense to discuss this with your doctor, possibly you can (again) keep a headache diary.
Treating an attack migraine