What triggers an ocular migraine?
an ocular migraine is also known as a migraine with aura. This type of
An ocular migraine – doctors speak of
These so-called “blackouts” can be triggered by several factors: stress, lack of sleep, menstruation, hormonal fluctuations during puberty, pregnancy or menopause, excessive consumption of alcohol or even a bright light. Studies published in the medical journal The Lancet have also shown that certain medications or foods, such as nuts, can cause ocular migraines. Weather-sensitive people can experience the visual disturbances even during weather changes. Pain in the neck and neck area may also cause ocular migraine: Cervical spine syndrome (cervical syndrome), a chronic tension of the neck, vision disorders, migraines, headache or difficulty swallowing can be the result.
cular migraine is more common in people who have a family history – that is, if one or more relatives suffer from migraine or ocular migraine. In women, the disease is more common than in men. One reason for this may be the increased hormone fluctuations in women.
cular migraine in Children: In very rare cases, the reason for the visual disturbances is ocular muscle palsy (ophthalmoplegic migraine), which can occur especially in children. One or more of the cranial nerves leading to the eye muscles are temporarily paralyzed. Symptoms include drooping eyelids, dilated pupils, and extremely severe headaches that can last for weeks. As a rule, the rare disease begins with a headache, followed by paralysis four days later. In this case, a doctor should be consulted as soon as possible.
Correct behavior in ocular migraine
Those affected should absolutely keep calm and not panic. After an average of 10 to 30 minutes, an attack is over, rarely lasting more than an hour. It helps to calm the body and relax the eyes. So do not look at a computer or mobile phone screen, but close your eyes in the darkened room. Under no circumstances should
Treat ocular migraines
In most cases, no medication is needed – unless
Many sufferers want a gentler treatment of ocular migraine. However, homeopathy should only be considered when the disease is clarified by the doctor and worse diseases are excluded. For nausea and visual field defects as well as aura, a naturopath can recommend suitable preparations.
Prevent a seizure
Although an ocular migraine is usually harmless and dies away without consequences, those affected should experience the first time a seizure, see a doctor. Which doctor is the right one? In most cases, the family doctor or ophthalmologist can diagnose an ocular migraine. This can clarify by an analysis of the fundus that no more serious diseases such as a retinal detachment or a stroke behind it. The doctor looks at the back wall of the eye with a beam of light. Computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging can reveal if there are other causes for the increased pressure on the nerves in the brain.
If the doctor diagnoses an ocular migraine, everyone should look for the personal causes: Could it be stress, lack of sleep or a hormone fluctuation? If possible, these triggers should be avoided to prevent ocular migraines. Autogenic training can reduce stress, yoga brings the body back into balance. An ocular migraine attack can be an important indication of that
Cause ocular migraine
There are many different causes that
It is also assumed that stress is also a cause of ocular migraine. Scientific studies show that migraine is often exacerbated by an increased level of estrogen. This is partly because stress causes hormonal changes within the body. This refers to the elevated estrogen level in relation to progesterone, another important female hormone. It may be that ocular migraine is hereditary. When in the past a family member has also suffered from ocular migraine, this may have passed to someone of the next generation. Migraines, and therefore also ocular migraine, are often genetically determined. Another cause is that the brain temporarily lacks oxygen. At a given moment the brain registers the normal amount of oxygen. This means that blood vessels dilate again, which may result in ocular migraines.
Another cause that can play a role is the energy supply to the brain. When this facility is disrupted, which is often the case with migraine patients, the brain will be more sensitive to headaches. Researchers have also investigated other factors that may have a relationship with ocular migraine. These include stress, negative emotions, specific foods such as chocolate, alcohol, cigarettes, the premenstrual phase, during and after physical exertion and with certain odors.
Symptoms ocular migraine
A dull and throbbing headache can also be accompanied by ocular migraine. An attack can take a few minutes, but it is also possible that an attack lasts as long as 30 minutes. However, the chance of permanent damage is small. The visual images that can be seen during the attack are often moderately alarming.
ocular migraine often starts with a blind spot in the visual field. This spot is still small at that moment, but will remove the entire vision from the eye within five to ten minutes. The blind spot often disappears within twenty to thirty minutes. The result is that you are very tired, so your eyes have trouble focusing on objects. The frequency of these symptoms should be discussed with professionals to ensure that diagnosis and medication is prescribed on time.
Possible treatment of ocular migraine
At the moment there is no standard treatment for
When you suffer from ocular migraine by looking at a monitor, then you do well to give your eyes as much rest as possible.
In some cases, sports can also treat ocular migraine. Because the blood circulation starts, ocular migraine disappears faster or no symptoms occur at all. However, there are also people in whom sports evoke ocular migraine.
If you continue to suffer from ocular migraine consistently, it is wise to discuss this with a specialist. A treatment plan can be drawn up through a combination of control, diagnosis and medication. If the ocular migraine remains persistent and the symptoms are unbearable, it is wiser to contact a doctor. This group often also suffers from similar problems that can be linked to normal migraine.
Here you can see a Migraine Visual Aura video