Alice in Wonderland syndrome is a condition in which people themselves or in their environment, experience a change in hallucinatory fashion.
The phenomenon is not considered a separate disease, but occurs mostly as a side effect of a migraine attack or as a precursor to an epileptic seizure in the form of a distinctive visual aura with their perception. Alice in Wonderland syndrome can be caused by the Epstein-Barr virus or drugs.
Concept of origin
The concept of “Alice in Wonderland syndrome,” named after the children’s book Alice in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll and J. Todd is a possible, but not essential, concomitant of migraine and epilepsy characterization.
Carroll himself was suffering from migraines and it is believed his experience served as the inspiration for his work. In addition, Carroll has discussed a narrative description of a trip of mind-altering drugs. In one of the most famous sequences of the book Alice changes size, by biting off pieces from different sides of a mushroom.
Symptoms and complaints
The Alice in Wonderland syndrome leads to changes in the perception of a person’s environment. These changes include both micropsia and macropsia (everything seems to shrink or enlarge), and altered auditory perception, changes in tactile perceptions and altered perception of time. The syndrome is most often found in children.
A migraine attack usually goes in children, unlike adults with symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, in contrast to adults who may suffer light, smell and sound sensitivity, vertigo, pallor, confusion, fatigue and severe abdominal pain.
The attacks are often shorter and may also be completely painless, although the accompanying symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, light and sound sensitivity are more pronounced.
Effects and complications
The changes may affect the performance of those affected greatly, so that they lose orientation. In extreme cases, it can lead to falls and other accidents. The cognitive impairment can lead to the Alice in Wonderland syndrome being confused with other mental disorders or as misinterpreted “madness” so much so that the child is excluded or bullied.