Vestibular migraine, what is that? Migraine is one of the most common types of headaches. An attack of migraine often goes hand in hand with a number of other symptoms, such as an aura, or nausea and vomiting. You can read more about this on the migraine page.
A relatively unknown form of migraine is vestibular migraine. This form of migraine is characterized by the prevention of attacks of dizziness in people who have or have ever had migraine. The dizziness can occur before, after or during the attack of headache. An attack of dizziness is also one of the symptoms of Ménière disease, which often causes people with vestibular migraine to be diagnosed with Ménière first. In vestibular migraine, however, there is no hearing loss.
The treatment of Ménière’s disease does not solve the headaches that occur in vestibular migraine.
Vestibular migraine: headache and turning dizziness
Dizziness in vestibular migraine is usually vertigo. Dizziness can occur spontaneously and can also be triggered by head movements. The dizziness can also occur in an environment where many rapid movements can be seen, such as in traffic or a busy supermarket. The duration of an attack of dizziness varies, from a few minutes to hours or days. The migraine complaints can occur before, during or after the dizziness. Sometimes, after a migraine attack, it can take years before the dizziness occurs. This does not make it easy for doctors to diagnose vestibular migraine.
The cause of vestibular migraine
The cause of vestibular migraine is not known. It is now clear that it is one of the forms of migraine.
Diagnosis Vestibular migraine
The diagnosis of vestibular migraine has recently been officially
This form of migraine is first described in the 3rd edition of the international list of headaches of 2013, the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD).